The turkey is a large bird in the genusMeleagris, which is native to the Americas. One species, Meleagris gallopavo (commonly known as the domestic turkey or wild turkey), is native to the forests of North America, mainly Mexico and the United States. The other living species is Meleagris ocellata or the ocellated turkey, native to the forests of the Yucatán Peninsula. Males of both turkey species have a distinctive fleshy wattle or protuberance that hangs from the top of the beak (called a snood). They are among the largest birds in their ranges. As in many galliformes, the male is larger and much more colorful than the female.
Turkeys are classed in the family of Phasianidae (pheasants, partridges, francolins, junglefowl, grouse and relatives) in the taxonomicorder of Galliformes. The genus Meleagris is the only genus in the subfamily Meleagridinae, formerly known as the family Meleagrididae, but now subsumed within the family Phasianidae.
History and naming
When Europeans first encountered turkeys in America, they incorrectly identified the birds as a type of guineafowl– i.e., as members of a group of birds which were thought to typically come from the country of Turkey. The name of the North American bird thus became "turkey fowl", which was then shortened to just "turkey". In 1550, the English navigator William Strickland, who had introduced the turkey into England, was granted a coat of arms including a "turkey-cock in his pride proper".
Ampelographers estimate that Turkey is home to between 600–1200 indigenous varieties of Vitis vinifera (the Europeangrapevine), though less than 60 of these are grown commercially. With over 1,500,000 acres (6,100km2) planted under vine, Turkey is the world's fourth-leading producer of grapes.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Turkey's first president, established the country's first commercial winery in 1925. According to the OIV, the total wine production in 2005 was 287,000 hl. In the first half of 2009, wine consumption in Turkey reached 20,906,762 litres.
This guy, who lives on 40 acres near Rollingstone, Minn., was destined to be an outdoors guy, a river rat, a hunter of all things ... “We lived right on the Mississippi River. We lived right there, right outside my door was everything I needed for trapping, fishing,” Tony said ... I remember carrying Megan around for hours scouting for turkeys,” Tony said.
SHAMOKIN — The life of a German immigrant who lived in Shamokin and introduced waffle irons to the world will be celebrated Saturday afternoon with an inaugural Waffle Festival. John Kleimbach came to Shamokin in 1891, and lived in the Mansion House, a former multi-story building where the TurkeyHill along LincolnStreet is now located ... ....
Turkey’s interior minister Wednesday said that ... Turkey has been a key transit point for irregular migrants who want to cross into Europe to start new lives, especially those fleeing war and persecution.
The 52-year-old Turkish national left her homeland and has been living in Afghanistan for the past nine years, which she asserted is because she adores the Afghan people and the country ... Her daughter and son live in Turkey and visit her once a year, and she also visits her relatives there once a year.
For me, summer is not over yet, said Hana. Rozga delighted fans with photos from the beach ...Favorite location ... Apart from the Croatian coast, she has lived in Turkey and Greece ... Dara Bubamara is currently vacationing in Turkey ... She lost six kilograms, and on the last post from sun-drenched Turkey, it can be seen that her current weight is ideal ... ....
From Europe to Turkey and India, politicians are now handing out more aid, ordering sellers to cut prices and tinkering with trade rules to mitigate the impact on consumers ... Turkey ... A cheese stall in Istanbul, Turkey.Photographer ... In Turkey, PresidentRecep Tayyip Erdogan’s popularity has slumped because of the economy and cost of living.
Last month's grim scenes aired live on national and international broadcasters showing Afghans ...There are around 2.8 million documented and undocumented Afghan refugees living in Pakistan, making it the second-largest refugee population in the world after the Syrians in Turkey.
Turkey has repeatedly condemned Greece’s illegal practice of pushing back asylum seekers, saying it violates humanitarian values and international law by endangering the lives of vulnerable migrants, including women and children ... Turkey has been a key transit ...