The turkey is a large bird in the genusMeleagris, which is native to the Americas. One species, Meleagris gallopavo (commonly known as the domestic turkey or wild turkey), is native to the forests of North America, mainly Mexico and the United States. The other living species is Meleagris ocellata or the ocellated turkey, native to the forests of the Yucatán Peninsula. Males of both turkey species have a distinctive fleshy wattle or protuberance that hangs from the top of the beak (called a snood). They are among the largest birds in their ranges. As in many galliformes, the male is larger and much more colorful than the female.
Turkeys are classed in the family of Phasianidae (pheasants, partridges, francolins, junglefowl, grouse and relatives) in the taxonomicorder of Galliformes. The genus Meleagris is the only genus in the subfamily Meleagridinae, formerly known as the family Meleagrididae, but now subsumed within the family Phasianidae.
History and naming
When Europeans first encountered turkeys in America, they incorrectly identified the birds as a type of guineafowl– i.e., as members of a group of birds which were thought to typically come from the country of Turkey. The name of the North American bird thus became "turkey fowl", which was then shortened to just "turkey". In 1550, the English navigator William Strickland, who had introduced the turkey into England, was granted a coat of arms including a "turkey-cock in his pride proper".
Ampelographers estimate that Turkey is home to between 600–1200 indigenous varieties of Vitis vinifera (the Europeangrapevine), though less than 60 of these are grown commercially. With over 1,500,000 acres (6,100km2) planted under vine, Turkey is the world's fourth-leading producer of grapes.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Turkey's first president, established the country's first commercial winery in 1925. According to the OIV, the total wine production in 2005 was 287,000 hl. In the first half of 2009, wine consumption in Turkey reached 20,906,762 litres.
In an endeavor to maintain the "spiritual climate" of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan, Turkey's Diyanet Foundation (TDV) has distributed aid in 75 other countries and 208 regions across the world, as well as in every district in the nation's own 81 provinces ... Turkey, Acik said.
Referring to the narrative of modern, EuropeanGreece, which inspired younger generations of philhellenes to link their lives to Greece and to love the country, she said that Greece was a nation devoted to international legality and the works of peace, which had gone through much but had always “stood on the right side of history”.
The Muslim Brotherhood organization had drawn up dozens of plans to assassinate Sisi, he said, which had not been publicly announced until now ...The incident was planned to be shown in a live broadcast from Turkey by the terrorist organization, which is operated from Ankara ... ....
In the evenings, the Woreths would sit on the porch with a little music playing in the background, surrounded by nature as they watched turkey, deer, duck and an occasional fox or pheasant pass through the yard. "You would hardly guess we were living on Long Island, yet we were ...
The deceased was identified as Nazim Ali, 19, of Gujranwala... The tortured body of a 60-year-old man was found near TurkeyRoad at Manawan on Sunday ... He was living in a room in an empty plot where he was hit to dead with stones by unidentified assailants ... .
Learning to live with neighbours has then become an urgent priority. Turkey has figured that its troubled economy can’t sustain the ambitious regional policies of PresidentRecep Tayyip Erdogan... Barring Turkey, which turned hostile to India under Erdogan, Delhi has managed to expand its ties with most regional actors.
Turkey still denies genocide ...PresidentJoe Biden has created a unique window of opportunity for reconciliation between Turkey, Armenia and millions of Armenians who live around the world ... Of my family of 58 who lived in the village of Arabkir, only my grandmother and mother survived.
Every mother dreams her daughter or son to grow into adulthood, get proper education, and lead a prosperous life that would make them proud, and no other gift can perhaps make them any happier on Mother's Day, celebrated in Turkey on the second Sunday of May ... lives upside down.
Turkey expressed sorrow for deadly blasts targeting a school in Afghanistan’s capital on Saturday ... Turkey wished "Allah’s mercy upon those who lost their lives in this heinous attack, speedy recovery to the injured and extend our sincere condolences to the friendly and brotherly people and Government of Afghanistan.".
Separately, the radical Islamist cleric Sadiq al-Gharyani, who lives in Turkey, criticised Mangoush on his TV channel Al-Tanasuh, describing her as “mean, despicable, and serving the Zionist project” ... Mangoush’s opponents say her calls for Turkey to leave have not been matched by ...
They do not appear to have lived in settlements that were made of materials likely to have been preserved, so there is little archaeological evidence to corroborate the Hittite records. They appear to have been a semi-nomadic people who lived in the forested mountains bordering the southern coast of the Black Sea .
Accusing Israel of being a “cruel” and “terrorist” state is part of Ankara’s desire to use the tensions in Jerusalem to boost Turkey’s image ... For instance, Hamas member Salah al-Arouri lived openly in Turkey for many years. . The US condemned Turkey for hosting Hamas in 2020.