The turkey is a large bird in the genusMeleagris, which is native to the Americas. One species, Meleagris gallopavo (commonly known as the domestic turkey or wild turkey), is native to the forests of North America, mainly Mexico and the United States. The other living species is Meleagris ocellata or the ocellated turkey, native to the forests of the Yucatán Peninsula. Males of both turkey species have a distinctive fleshy wattle or protuberance that hangs from the top of the beak (called a snood). They are among the largest birds in their ranges. As in many galliformes, the male is larger and much more colorful than the female.
Turkeys are classed in the family of Phasianidae (pheasants, partridges, francolins, junglefowl, grouse and relatives) in the taxonomicorder of Galliformes. The genus Meleagris is the only genus in the subfamily Meleagridinae, formerly known as the family Meleagrididae, but now subsumed within the family Phasianidae.
History and naming
When Europeans first encountered turkeys in America, they incorrectly identified the birds as a type of guineafowl– i.e., as members of a group of birds which were thought to typically come from the country of Turkey. The name of the North American bird thus became "turkey fowl", which was then shortened to just "turkey". In 1550, the English navigator William Strickland, who had introduced the turkey into England, was granted a coat of arms including a "turkey-cock in his pride proper".
Ampelographers estimate that Turkey is home to between 600–1200 indigenous varieties of Vitis vinifera (the Europeangrapevine), though less than 60 of these are grown commercially. With over 1,500,000 acres (6,100km2) planted under vine, Turkey is the world's fourth-leading producer of grapes.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Turkey's first president, established the country's first commercial winery in 1925. According to the OIV, the total wine production in 2005 was 287,000 hl. In the first half of 2009, wine consumption in Turkey reached 20,906,762 litres.
Turkey's ErdoganEyesReset With Syria...NATO member Turkey has a military presence in large swaths of northern Syria ... Refugees in Turkey Fearful as Sentiment Turns Against Them ... What people care about in Turkey is the cost of living is going up, and that food prices are out of control and wages are remaining stagnant,' Stein told VOA.
The pair was also pictured around that same time enjoying travel and the sights in Cappadocia, Turkey. Steven and Alina have their own YouTube channel where they let fans know what’s going on in their lives. They are living in Turkey together ... Alina when they met up in Turkey.
The SyrianCivil Defence, rescue workers operating in opposition territory, said on Monday that medics reported the first three cases of cholera in the sprawling overcrowded Kafr Lusin camps near the border with Turkey. “This is a dangerous development for civilian lives with the ...
Mahsa Amini, 22, died earlier this month after being arrested in Tehran by police enforcing the Islamic Republic’s strict restrictions on women’s dress. Her death has touched off Iran’s biggest unrest since 2019 ... The Kurdish ethnic minority live mostly in a region straddling the borders of Armenia, Iraq, Iran, Syria and Turkey ... Advertisement ... Sign Up.
Mahsa Amini, 22, died earlier this month after being arrested in Tehran by police enforcing the Islamic Republic's strict restrictions on women's dress. Her death has touched off Iran's biggest unrest since 2019 ... The Kurdish ethnic minority live mostly in a region straddling the borders of Armenia, Iraq, Iran, Syria and Turkey ... ....
See No. 12 ... 14 ... (credit ... During his tenure, the clandestine agency has also outmatched Iran when Iran tried to retaliate against Jews in third-party countries, as happened in Turkey in June. The Mossad chief and his team have been credited with uncovering the Islamic Republic’s attempts to kill Jews and Israelis living in or visiting Turkey ... .
The fall of the Afghan government triggered a tidal wave of anguish and soul searching among Afghans and Americans who had invested years of their lives in the U.S ... Recent news reports of former Afghan officials driving expensive luxury cars and living lavishly in Gulf Arab countries, Turkey, and the West do not surprise him.
BY ANTON TROIANOVSKI, VALERIE HOPKINS, IVAN NECHEPURENKO AND ALINA LOBZINA NEW YORKTIMES... Putin's escalation of the war effort was reverberating across the country, according to interviews, Russian news reports and social media posts ... "We decided that we don't want to live in this country anymore," one reservist said after arriving in Turkey ... ....